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Florida Presidential Votes Disqualified

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Presidential Votes Disqualified in the 2000 Florida Election

The table below contains the number of 2000 Florida Presidential Election ballots for each county that either had either zero or multiple (two or more) votes indicated for President, resulting in a disqualified ballot for President/Vice President. The percentage of total ballots that were disqualified for each county is also shown. The source of the raw disqualification data, including percentage values, is the South Forida Sun-Sentinel newspaper web site:

http://sun-sentinel.com/news/badvotes.htm    ( local copy )

According to the Sun-Sentinel, "Presidential votes disqualified in Florida: Updated at noon Wednesday, Nov. 15. 2.93 percent of the ballots in Florida were disqualified from the presidential category. These ballots had one of two problems: no note for president or more than one vote for president. This is an increase from the 1996 presidential election, when 2.52 percent were disqualified."

This data appears to have some errors for Duval and Franklin counties, where the percentages provided by the Sun-Sentinel exceed the value computed as a percentage of Bush plus Gore votes in the first machine count. This computed value is not shown in the table below, but it should always be larger than the percentage of total votes for all Presidential candidates. The computed values as a percentage of Bush plus Gore votes for Duval and Franklin counties are 2.66% compared to 9.23% and 9.33% compared to 12.40%, respectively. The same type of error exists for the total percentage of disqualified ballots statewide, which is computed as 2.71% of all Bush plus Gore votes, compared to 2.93% of all candidates votes as stated by the Sun-Sentinel. The correct statewide percentage must be smaller, not larger, than 2.71%. This undermines the comparison between the 1996 and 2000 election.

This data also has an error for Gadsden County, where the value computed as a percentage of Bush plus Gore votes in the first machine count is 14.57% compared to 8.26% of the total votes for all Presidential candidates as provided by the Sun-Sentinel. In the final vote count, Gadsden County had 14,502 votes for George Bush and Al Gore combined, and 14,727 votes for all Presidential candidates. Thus, only 225 votes, or 1.53%, went to third party candidates, making the Sun-Sentinel number impossible. Also, the value for disqualified ballots as a percentage of the total votes for all Presidential candidates in Gasden county in the final vote count is computed as 2,085 / 14,727 = 14.16%.
 

Finer Resolution Data Could Help Identify Election Fraud

This data would be more useful if broken down into numbers of "non of the above" ballots with no vote for President, and the number of multiple vote ballots. Ballots with punch holes or marks for multiple candidates for President may include an election fraud component due to ballot tampering where a candidate (e.g., George Bush) is denied votes by punching extra holes (or adding extra marks) on ballots voted for that candidate. Even more useful data would include a breakdown of how many disqualified ballots contained votes for each combination of multiple candidates. For example, if a surprisingly large percentage of the ballots disqualified due to multiple votes for President contained at least one vote for Al Gore, that could indicate election fraud operation that punched/marked Al Gore on many ballots. This would change "none of the above" ballots to votes for Al Gore, and would spoil and disqualify ballots that were voted properly for George Bush. This type of election fraud would go undetected by all vote counts if it occurred before the first vote count.

The Democrat Party hired a telemarketing company in Texas on election day, December 7, 2000, to telephone thousands of Palm Beach County Democrat voters before the polls were closed. The script suggested that the so-called "butterfly ballot" was confusing and cause Democrats to mistakenly vote for Pat Buchanan rather than Al Gore. The script then requested that election officials and elected representatives be contacted to complain about the "confusing ballot". This Democrat operation was used to create a false controversy to use as a basis for demanding a re-vote. This re-vote would have allowed Democrats who voted for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader to switch their vote and vote for Al Gore instead, thereby stealing the election from the winner, Republican George Bush.

The table also includes, for reference, the first and second machine count data and the number of new found votes for George Bush and Al Gore for each county. This data is also provided, with an explanation on another web page on this site.
 

Vote Counting Machine Accuracy

Those engaging in election fraud have claimed that vote counting machines have a large inaccuracy of 3 to 5 percent (one in every 20 ballots are counted wrong). They have used these claims as an excuse to perform manual hand re-counts which have been used to commit additional election fraud.

The actual difference in vote counts in all of Florida's 67 counties for the first and second machine counts, show that 12 counties have no difference, and other than Gadsden county (1.31 percent difference), all counties had noticeably less than 1 percent difference. The vote count differences were probably due to punching new holes in the ballots or removal of loose chad pieces from punch holes in the ballots. Note that some counties use optically scanned ballots which do not involve punching holes. In the table below of all Florida counties, vote count differences of 0.25% or more are shown in red, and differences from 0.1% to 0.25% are shown in blue. Nassau County is not marked due to the explanation given after the table. The following summary table represents the data in the Florida counties table.
 
 

Range of Change for
Machine Counts 1 and 2
Number of Counties
in Range
> 1% (1.31%) 1
0.50% to 1.00% 2
0.25% to 0.50% 2
0.10% to 0.25% 11
0.00% to 0.10% 39
0.00% 12

 

FRAUD FACTOR First Machine Count1 Second Machine Count "New Found Votes"1 Presidential
Votes
Disqualified
Florida
County
Bush
Votes
1
Gore
Votes
1
Bush
Votes
2
Gore
Votes
2
Bush
Change
Gore
Change
Total
Change
Percent
Disqual-
ified
Ballots
Percent
of Total
Votes
Alachua 34,062 47,300 34,124 47,365 62 65 0.16% 415 0.48%
Baker 5,610 2,392 5,610 2,392 0 0 0.00% 140 1.69%
Bay 38,637 18,850 38,637 18,850 0 0 0.00% 663 1.11%
Bradford 5,413 3,072 5,414 3,075 1 3 0.05% 741 7.87%
Brevard 115,185 97,318 115,185 97,318 0 0 0.00% 594 0.27%
Broward 177,279 386,518 177,323 386,561 44 43 0.02% 14,622 2.49%
Calhoun 2,873 2,155 2,873 2,155 0 0 0.00% 78 1.48%
Charlott 35,419 29,641 35,426 29,645 7 4 0.02% 3,204 4.57%
Citrus 29,744 25,501 29,766 25,525 22 24 0.08% 217 0.38%
Clay2 41,745 14,630 41,736 14,632 -9 2 -0.01% 411 0.71%
Collier 60,426 29,905 60,433 29,918 7 13 0.02% 3,184 3.34%
Columbia 10,964 7,047 10,964 7,047 0 0 0.00% 693 3.61%
De Soto 4,256 3,322 4,256 3,320 0 -2 -0.03% 701 8.24%
Dixie2 2,698 1,825 2,697 1,826 -1 1 0.00% 332 6.64%
Duval 152,082 107,680 152,098 107,864 16 184 0.08% 6,909 9.23%
Escambia2 73,029 40,958 73,017 40,943 -12 -15 -0.02% 4,372 3.61%
Flagler 12,608 13,891 12,613 13,897 5 6 0.04% 83 0.31%
Franklin 2,448 2,042 2,454 2,046 6 4 0.22% 419 12.40%
Gadsden 4,750 9,565 4,767 9,735 17 170 1.31% 2,085 8.26%
Gilchris 3,300 1,910 5,210 1,910 0 0 0.00% 293 5.15%
Glades 1,840 1,440 1,841 1,442 1 2 0.09% 357 9.59%
Gulf 3,546 2,389 3,550 2,397 4 8 0.20% 421 6.41%
Hamilton2 2,153 1,718 2,146 1,722 -7 4 -0.08% 389 8.94%
Hardee2 3,764 2,341 3,765 2,339 1 -2 -0.02% 412 6.20%
Hendry 4,743 3,239 4,747 3,240 4 1 0.06% 810 9.05%
Hernando 30,646 32,644 30,646 32,644 0 0 0.00% 281 0.43%
Highlands 20,196 14,152 20,206 14,167 10 15 0.07% 1,009 2.79%
Hillsborough 180,713 169,529 180,760 169,557 47 28 0.02% 9,172 2.48%
Holmes 4,985 2,154 5,011 2,177 26 23 0.69% 139 1.84%
Indian River2 28,627 19,769 28,635 19,768 8 -1 0.01% 1,945 3.77%
Jackson 9,138 6,868 9,138 6,868 0 0 0.00% 1,170 6.70%
Jefferson2 2,481 3,038 2,478 3,041 -3 3 0.00% 571 9.19%
Lafayete 1,669 788 1,670 789 1 1 0.08% 174 6.49%
Lake 49,963 36,555 50,010 36,571 16 47 0.07% 3,378 3.67%
Lee 106,123 73,530 106,141 73,560 18 30 0.03% 4,601 2.43%
Leon 39,053 61,425 39,053 61,425 0 0 0.00% 181 0.18%
Levy 6,860 5,403 6,858 5,398 -2 -5 -0.06% 766 5.68%
Liberty 1,316 1,011 1,317 1,017 1 6 0.30% 188 7.24%
Madison 3,038 3,011 3,038 3,014 0 3 0.05% 480 7.23%
Manatee 57,948 49,169 57,952 49,177 4 8 0.01% 1,455 1.30%
Marion 55,135 44,648 55,141 44,665 6 17 0.02% 3,345 3.16%
Martin 33,864 26,619 33,970 26,620 106 1 0.18% 557 0.89%
Miami-Dade 289,456 328,702 289,492 328,764 36 62 0.02% 28,601 4.37%
Monroe 16,059 16,483 16,059 16,483 0 0 0.00% 208 0.61%
Nassau2,3 16,404 6,952 16,280 6,879 -124 -73 -0.84% 1,605 6.32%
Okaloosa 52,043 16,924 52,093 16,948 50 24 0.11% 765 1.07%
Okeechobee 5,058 4,588 5,057 4,588 -1 0 -0.01% 858 8.00%
Orange 134,476 140,115 134,517 140,220 41 105 0.05% 2,404 0.85%
Osceola2 26,216 28,177 26,212 28,181 -4 4 0.00% 1,683 2.94%
Palm Beach 152,846 268,945 152,954 269,696 108 751 0.20% 29,702 6.43%
Pasco 68,581 69,550 68,582 69,564 1 14 0.01% 3,917 2.67%
Pinellas2 184,884 200,212 184,823 200,629 -61 417 0.09% 8,487 2.09%
Polk 90,101 74,977 90,191 75,196 90 219 0.19% 975 0.57%
Putnam 13,439 12,091 13,447 12,102 8 11 0.07% 168 0.64%
Santa Rosa 36,248 12,795 36,274 12,802 26 7 0.07% 365 0.72%
Sarasota 83,100 72,854 83,100 72,853 0 -1 0.00% 2,807 1.71%
Seminole 75,293 58,888 75,677 59,174 384 286 0.50% 336 0.24%
St. John's 39,497 19,482 39,546 19,502 49 20 0.12% 532 0.87%
St. Lucie 34,705 41,559 34,705 41,559 0 0 0.00% 649 0.82%
Sumter 12,126 9,634 12,127 9,637 1 3 0.02% 771 3.35%
Suwannee2 8,014 4,084 8,006 4,075 -8 -9 -0.14% 732 5.55%
Taylor 4,050 2,647 4,056 2,649 6 2 0.12% 605 8.16%
Union 2,326 1,399 2,332 1,407 6 8 0.38% 258 6.32%
Volusia 82,214 97,063 82,214 97,063 0 0 0.00% 755 0.41%
Wakulla 4,511 3,835 4,512 3,838 1 3 0.05% 422 4.68%
Walton 12,176 5,637 12,182 5,642 6 5 0.06% 219 1.18%
Washington 4,983 2,796 4,994 2,798 11 2 0.17% 329 3.94%
TOTAL 2,909,
135 
2,907,
351 
2,910,
198 
2,909,
871 
1,063 2,520 0.06% 157,706 2.93%
 1Source of vote count data: Associated Press web site.
 2The error percentage needs to be adjusted to take
  into account negative numbers, i.e., where Gore gained
  votes and Bush lost votes, or vice versa, or both lost
  votes.
 3An explanation of the discrepancy for Nassau County is
  given below.

 

Explanations

An explanation of the discrepancy for Nassau County is as follows:

In Nassau County, the board was accused of violating Florida law by adding votes from earlier tabulations that had been rejected by the board as illegal.

However, the facts as reported are as follows:

  1. On election night, all the votes were counted, but during the machine recount, 218 ballots were accidentally separated from the rest, and not counted.  As a result, Bush received 124 fewer votes and Gore received 73 fewer votes than on election night.

  2.  
  3. After the recount, the Nassau County Board supervisor discovered her mistake, and tried to correct it.  Because the Supreme Court of Florida had held the date open for final certification until Sunday at 5:00 p.m., the Division of Elections informed the supervisor that she could revise the count to make it accurate.

  4.  
  5. The Board (2 Democrats and 1 Republican) voted unanimously to certify the original election night count - which included the 218 ballots - rather than the machine recount total (which mistakenly omitted those ballots).




The following is the actual raw data from the Sun-Sentinel newspaper web site:

http://sun-sentinel.com/news/badvotes.htm

Presidential votes disqualified 
in Florida

    Updated at noon Wednesday, Nov. 15. 2.93 percent of the ballots in Florida were disqualified from the presidential category. These ballots had one of two problems: no note for president or more than one vote for president. This is an increase from the 1996 presidential election, when 2.52 percent were disqualified.

    

 
County
Disqualified ballots
Percentage of total votes
Alachua 415 0.48
Baker 140 1.69
Bay 663 1.11
Bradford 741 7.87
Brevard 594 0.27
Broward 14,622 2.49
Calhoun 78 1.48
Charlotte 3,204 4.57
Citrus 217 0.38
Clay 411 0.71
Collier 3,184 3.34
Columbia 693 3.61
DeSoto 701 8.24
Dixie 332 6.64
Duval 6,909 9.23
Escambia 4,372 3.61
Flagler 83 0.31
Franklin 419 12.40
Gadsden 2,085 8.26
Gilchrist 293 5.15
Glades 357 9.59
Gulf 421 6.41
Hamilton 389 8.94
Hardee 412 6.20
Hendry 810 9.05
Hernando 281 0.43
Highlands 1,009 2.79
Hillsborough 9,172 2.48
Holmes 139 1.84
IndnRiv 1,945 3.77
Jackson 1,170 6.70
Jefferson 571 9.19
Lafayette 174 6.49
Lake 3,378 3.67
Lee 4,601 2.43
Leon 181 0.18
Levy 766 5.68
Liberty 188 7.24
Madison 480 7.23
Manatee 1,455 1.30
Marion 3,345 3.16
Martin 557 0.89
M.-Dade 28,601 4.37
Monroe 208 0.61
Nassau 1,605 6.32
Okaloosa 765 1.07
Ok'chobee 858 8.00
Orange 2,404 0.85
Osceola 1,683 2.94
Palm Bch 29,702 6.43
Pasco 3,917 2.67
Pinellas 8,487 2.09
Polk 975 0.57
Putnam 168 0.64
St. Johns 532 0.87
St. Lucie 649 0.82
Santa Rosa 365 0.72
Sarasota 2,807 1.71
Seminole 336 0.24
Sumter 771 3.35
Suwannee 732 5.55
Taylor 605 8.16
Union 258 6.32
Volusia 755 0.41
Wakulla 422 4.68
Walton 219 1.18
Washngtn 329 3.94

 
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First Posted: Wednesday, January 3, 2001 - 11:15 p.m. Pacific Time
Last Updated: Wednesday, January 3, 2001 - 11:15 p.m. Pacific Time
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